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Encephalitozoon cuniculi causes focal anterior cataract and uveitis in dogs

Journal: Tierärztliche Praxis Kleintiere
ISSN: 1434-1239
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15654/TPK-141053
Issue: 2015: Issue 5 2015
Pages: 337-344
Ahead of Print: 2015-09-10

Encephalitozoon cuniculi causes focal anterior cataract and uveitis in dogs

B. Nell (1), J. Csokai (2), A. Fuchs-Baumgartinger (2), G. Maaß (3)

(1) Department of Companion Animals and Horses, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Austria; (2) Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Austria; (3) Tierarztpraxis Breitenfurt, Austria

Keywords

dog, lens, Microsporidia, uvea

Summary

Three mongrel dogs, aged 10 months (case 1), 14 months (case 2) and 7.5 years (case 3), were presented because of ophthalmologic disorders of 4 months, 6 months and 7 years duration, respectively. All three dogs were offspring of stray dogs from Hungary and Serbia and had positive serum antibody titres against Encephalitozoon (E.) cuniculi. The two young dogs showed unilateral, the older dog bilateral chronic anterior uveitis with posterior synechia and focal anterior cortical cataract. The fundi that could be evaluated developed focal tapetal hyporeflective lesions in the course of the disease. Dogs 1 and 2 underwent removal of the lens via phacoemulsification. PCR of the lens material was positive for E. cuniculi strains IV and II, respectively. In dog 2 findings suggestive of microsporidia were detected underneath the anterior lens capsule by immunohistochemical staining. In all cases medical treatment consisted of systemic fenbendazole, prednisolone, and topical anti-inflammatory drugs, and additional brinzolamid/timolol for dog 3. For the time being all cases (follow up 23 months, 6 months and 3 months, respectively) are still on topical anti-inflammatory therapy. It is concluded that E. cuniculi infections can cause cataract and chorioretinal lesions in dogs.

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